By David Njagi
Progress made in achieving water security through Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is expected to maintain the same pace following a renewed push by African lobby groups to have more resources allocated to the sector from the adaptation Fund.
The Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA) recent declaration demands governments to subsidize sectors of growth that create food security once climate change funding begins to flow in.
According to the document, a slice of the US$ 30 billion pledged during Convention of Parties (COPs) meetings to finance adaptation projects before countries reach a climate change binding agreement in 2015, should be allocated to agriculture and innovation.
“Developed countries must compensate Africa for the full costs of avoiding harms, actual harms and damage, and lost opportunities for our development resulting from climate change,” says the document.
Mithika Mwenda, Coordinator of PACJA says the move aims at interrogating the impact of the outcomes of the Doha conference on Africa, and how the continent can position its growth agenda once the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replace MDGs.
Officials from Kenya’s Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MEMR) acknowledge that Africa has been getting a raw deal in terms of climate justice, although the continent emits the least doses of Green House Gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere.
According to secretary, Ali Mohamed Dawood, Africa has been losing its economic gains due to frequent and intensive calamities such as droughts and floods, leaving communities clutching at the dying embers of life.
“As a continent Africa remains highly vulnerable to climate change impacts because of its unique location and low adaptive capacity due to its development challenges,” said Ali. “The consequences of such scenarios are devastating for our continent.”
Recent scientific research indicates that the world is headed for a four degrees Celsius temperature rise, where this translates to an increase of six degrees Celsius in Africa.
It is from such a backdrop that Kenya is establishing a climate change resource center, an initiative that is expected to be a hub for sharing information and knowledge in Africa and the rest of the world, said Ali.